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Starting A New CCUS Project – We can Help You

We are consultants/advisors to project developers in oil & gas, energy, renewables.  Our expertise is in project development and integration, with focus on subsurface engineering 

CCS Project Step


Why CCS?

You maybe one of several industries (emitters) that are looking to reduce its CO2 emissions. Carbon capture, its transportation, utilization and/or safe underground storage in geologic formations.  CCUS is one of many pathways to help you remove the carbon emissions permanently and achieve net-zero by 2050.


Understand CCS Value Chain?

The project value chain is four separate industries; Industrial emitters who capture Co2, transporters that move CO2 thru pipelines, trucks and ships to a utilization site. Utilization industry uses CO2 for example in food and beverage industry and finally, and what cannot be utilized is sent to the storage operators who store/sequester CO2  in underground geological formation (CO2-EOR, Saline Aquifer (SA) Storage and Depleted-Oil-Gas (DOG) field storage. 


Frame the Project early . . . 

From start, we can help you frame the right problem so that you can make informed commercial decisions about CCS before you embark into a capital intensive undertaking  You don't have to be expert in pipelines or subsurface storage to understand subsurface complexity, we can help you frame the problem and with initial concept.


  • All industries can benefit from CCUS with varying degree of cost and technology implications.  CO2 capture costs can be up to 50% to 75% of the total CCUS project.

  • Remember, key parameter that determines the cost of capture in the industrial plant, is the purity or concentration of CO2 in the process stream.

  • The higher the CO2 in the process stream, smaller is the capture cost (Capex & Opex).

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Three broad industry groups ranked according to ease of capture/global emission foot print are:

1. GROUP-1: High Concentration industries (CO2 50% to 90%)

-Natural Gas Processing (NGP)



2. GROUP-2: Hard-to-Abate Industries

-Steel & iron



3. GROUP-3: Power Generation



-Oxy-Fuel combustion

What It takes to Start a CCS project?

The CCS project efforts requires capabilities in three focus areas, we can help you in all three: 

  1. Basic Data Science Driven - Technical assessment & Data management Skills

  2. Venture Shaping: Business Driven - Multiple Interface & Coordination (main complexity/challenge)

    • Interfaces include capture (emitters), transporters (Pipeline or Shipping operator) & storage operators

  3. Asset Development Engineering & Project Management Driven / Skill


What are Some key Question Before Starting A CCS project?

We can be your technical advisors, project integrators and help you get started by framing the right problem & providing fit-for-purpose solutions:

  1.  Understand what you are getting into? Provide overview of CCS lifecycle project 

  2. What are the CCUS challenges in your industry group? Provide an overview of your industry ?

  3. Are you planning a one-off CCUS project or scaling-up to an infrastructure projects?

  4. What is objective? Is it a commercial project for profitability or a pilot, testing a technology?

  5. Help define the Pilot objectives & choose appropriate geographical location? 

  6. Overview of learnings from past CCS projects and emerging trends in future projects?

  7. How do we do life-cycle CCS storage project (site characterization, application & permitting, Pre-injection, Injection, closure period and post closure period)?

  8. Do we understand all the risks (technical, economic, commercial, organizational & political)?

  9. How do we deliver site characterization to meet regulatory requirement ( Site screening, data gathering, modeling, Monitoring Verification Auditing (MVA) program and safe storage operation?;

  10. What are the uncertainties in regulatory environment & technology that can impact your project

  11. What are the best business model to structure your project?

  12. What are the capital & operating costs? What is their breakdown (capture, pipeline and storage ?

  13. What are the  revenue models,  expected returns, cashflow, NPV and project economics?

  14. What are federal and state programs (45Q, LCFS, Cap & Trade), how they can help generate credits?

  15. What are Voluntary Carbon Credits (VCC) and how can your project earn VCC

  16. Challenges and risks to the slow start to CCS as a pathway for emission reduction?


We are project developers and integrators; we can help you with concept development of entire value chain, our expertise is greatest in underground geological sequestration/Storage and project management. 

  1. Start the project with 'Project Framing,'; to have a complete project alignment with stakeholders

  2. Set emission targets that needs to be reduced (commercial CCS projects are 1.0 mtpa

  3. Choose appropriate capture technology for your industry

  4. Decide whether it's going to be a commercial project or pilot?

  5. What are the utilization options (surface ~ food/beverage; subsurface ~ CO2-EOR) for captured CO2 

  6. Decide, what is subsurface storage is in a CO2-EOR, Saline aquifer or  depleted oil & gas fields (DOG)

  7. Choose appropriate business model to manage lifecycle business (Capture -> Transport -> Storage)

  8. Decide on revenue model ;  (45Q credits, EOR revenue, LCFS, C&T, Voluntary Carbon Credits (VCC)?

  9. Ensure your carbon removal technology has established protocol & methodology (ex: CO2-EOR)

  10. Register your project with a recognized registry for VCC (ACR, Verra, Gold-Standard etc.)

  11. Design  CCS Project (project- life-cycle); fulfilling all permitting requirement from EPA/UIC

    1. Capture plant for your industry

    2. Transportation (compression & pipeline) of super critical captured CO2 to the storage site

    3. Storage underground of the captured CO2 (CO2-EOR, SA storage, DOG Fields storage)

  12. Start CO2 capture, transport and injection, measure all emissions as per protocol/methodology

  13. Quantify all emissions as per protocol/methodology for 3rd party verification

  14. Obtain 3rd party verification of validity of emission abatement

  15. Serialize & issue carbon credits with a recognized carbon registry


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